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THE FIVE PRECEPTS AND THE FIVE CONSTANT VIRTUES
by Venerable Master Hsing Yun (1927 - , Fo Guang Shan)
English translation: Hsin-Yu Huang and Linda Tsui

The Five Precepts in Buddhism and the Five Constant Virtues in Confucianism have some points in common.
The Five Constant Virtues are benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and integrity. They can be correlated with the Five Precepts in the following manner:

To refrain from killing is benevolence;
To refrain from stealing is righteousness;
To refrain from sexual misconduct is propriety;
To refrain from lying is integrity;
To refrain from consuming intoxicants is wisdom.

The Five Precepts and the Ten Wholesome Actions* help us develop a sound character. Learning from the conduct of those sages who have benefited humanity helps us to elevate our morality. The bodhisattvas’ wisdom of emptiness helps us to understand our mind and see our nature. That which stems from a compassionate mind, does not violate secular law, and is in line with the spirit of benefitting all living beings, is the sustenance that fuels the fulfilment of our human character and attainment of enlightenment.

── from Renjian Fojiao De Jie Ding Hui (Practicing and Learning Humanistic Buddhism)

* Refers to not killing, not stealing, not committing adultery, not lying, not speaking harshly, not speaking divisively, not speaking idly, not being greedy, not being angry, and not having wrong views.