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Jiang Kanghu (1883 - 1954, Qing Dynasty)
English translation: Miao Guang

Dress coarsely:

While brocades are splendid, it is a pity to see matters being wasted. Stressing the importance of frugality to a nation indulged in extravagance is a correction which needs to be made urgently.

A diet of vegetables:

To be human yet inhumane is the fashion of barbarism. A bite of vegetables offers a mouthful of savory flavor.

Sleep in the wilderness:

Spring and autumn nights are ideal when accompanied by the bright moon and floral scents. The sky is our canopy and the earth our mat, in-between which we wander about freely.

Rise early:

Each day is a new day; be studious. Rest well at night, and prevent indulgence in wasteful play.


Aroused sensuality leads to the decline of one’s nature; extreme pleasure will be followed by tragedy. For the sake of vitality and longevity, abstain from such.


Silent unless struck; a man of greatness should be like the bell. Who has ever heard Heaven speak? Understanding is gained through experiences.


To be laborious in mental and physical activities is an ability of the sages and deities. To be skilled in various disciplines is excellent training for one’s body.


Within the ground of the mind, not even a speck of dust is disturbed. Deep and clear as still water, it stands firmly like the Great Wall.


Why not seek the cause in oneself and self-reflect on a daily basis? Self-reproach for one’s faults, and eliminate pretentiousness to preserve genuineness.

Have perspective:

From all heavens to dust-motes, from eternity to mere seconds, all are equal in front of cause and effect, leaving nothing unresolved.

── from Jiang Kanghu Sixiang Yiban (Thoughts of Jiang Kanghu)